What are the different types of chemical reaction? A chemical reaction is defined as the process that points to the transformation of chemical substances. As you may know, there are so many different chemical substances around. These chemical substances, when mixed together, can result to other different chemicals that can be both helpful and harmful to us. Therefore, it is best that you know the different types of chemical reactions so that you will understand them better.
Synthesis reaction is the first of the many types of chemical reactions. This is also known as direct combination. These types of chemical reactions are defined as the combination of two or maybe more chemical substances to be able to get a complex product. An example of the synthesis reaction or direct combination would be combining sulfur and iron to get iron sulfide. This is the most simple of the types of chemical reactions as it just adds up the variables. The formula of these types of chemical reactions is A + B -> AB.
Next, we have chemical decomposition. Chemical decomposition is also known as analysis reaction. These are types of chemical reactions that employ the process of the synthesis reaction, backwards. As the name implies, decomposition of chemicals are what happens here. A certain chemical compound will be broken down to their bare basics when these types of chemical reactions occur. For instance, if you break down water into a chemical decomposition process, you will get oxygen and hydrogen. Simply put, the formula of the chemical decomposition chemical reaction is AB -> A+B.
Single displacement types of chemical reactions are also called substitution reaction. Here, one element of the chemical compound will be displaced. Then, another element will be present in the resulting chemical compound. A good example of these types of chemical reactions is when zinc gets combines to hydrochloric acid by replacing the oxygen in it. The formula for these types of chemical reactions is A + BC -> AC + B.
Metathesis types of chemical reactions are also called double displacement reaction. Here, two of the compounds involved exchange their bonds and ions to be able to result in new chemical compounds. A common example of the double displacement reaction occurs when silver nitrate and sodium chloride undergoes metathesis to form silver chloride and sodium nitrate. As the name implies, these kinds of chemical reactions are basically single displacement chemical reaction done twice. Therefore, the formula for this is AB + CD -> AD +CB.
Acid base reaction is another version of double displacement. Here, however, the reaction is always between a base and an acid. Therefore, the ion in the acid will end up reacting with the ion in the base – ending up in making ionic salt. An example of an acid base reaction happens with hydrocombic acid and sodium hydroxide. The formula for the acid base reaction is HA + BOH -> H2O +BA.
Combustion is a redox action. Here, combustible materials combine with oxidizers then generates heat. The combustion reactions are usually mixed by oxygen and another compound.