What are the different types of sentences? Way back in school, we are taught that there are many different types of sentences. They have different parts, too. The thing is that as we grow up, we tend to forget these basics. Well, if you want to refresh your memory about the different types of sentences, here they are.
The most basic of the types of sentences is, well, the simple sentence. They are also called independent clause because they can stand on their own. The simple sentence is composed o f a subject and a verb. What makes them an independent clause is the fact that they express a complete thought. There are different components of a sentence. But the main goal is that as long as there is a complete thought expressed by the sentence, as long as it contains a subject and a verb, then it is called a simple sentence. An example of a simple sentence is “Lucas likes to play during the day”. Here, the subject is “Lucas” and the verb is “like”.
The second of the types of sentences is the compound sentence. As the name implies, this is more compound types of sentences. The basic construction of a compound sentence comprises of two independent clauses that are joined by a certain coordinator. Examples of coordinators includes but, yet, or, so, and so on. However, there are compound sentences that are very short. In these cases, the coordinators go before a comma. A good example of a compound sentence is “David cooks lunch, as Mandy went to the grocery”. Here, the subjects are “David” and “Mandy”, verbs are “cook” and “went”, and the coordinator is “as”. The two independent clauses are “David cooks lunch” and “Mandy went to the grocery”.
The third of the types of sentences is the complex sentence. As the name implies, these are the sentences that are composed of an independent clause that is joined with one or even more dependent clauses. These types of sentences always have a subordinator. These are the words that pertain to explaining, such as since, because, although, when, and the like. Also, the complex sentences can also be joined by a relative pronoun. Examples of relative pronouns are who, which, that, etc. An example of a complex sentence is “When she passed her assignment, she overlooked passing the last part.” In this sentence, the subject is “she”, the verbs are “overlooked” and “passed”, and the subordinators are “when” and the “,”. The independent clause in this example is “she overlooked passing the last part”, and the dependent clause is “when she passed her assignment”.
These are some complex types of sentences that contain adjective clauses. They are also considered dependent clauses. An example of this is “The guy who phoned my dad sells cars”. The subject here is “guy”, the subordinator is “who”, and the verb is “sells”. The adjective clause here is “who phoned my dad” and the independent clause is “The guy” and “sells cars”. As you can see, the independent clause is not shown straightly. However, the words “The guy sells cars” express a complete thought.